This survey was conducted by members of the JHCAC, in hopes of educating the community of Jackson about different candidates' stances on issues related to climate. Candidates are listed alphabetically.
Candidates were asked to answer the three following questions –
1. Climate change is indisputably the biggest threat to our ecosystem and to our quality of life, and the latest report from the International Panel on Climate Change states that we have 10 years to act...we can’t afford to wait. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint?
2. Climate change will certainly impact the landscape, but it will also disproportionately impact low income and marginalized communities. How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action?
3. The economy and lifestyle of Teton County residents revolves around our amazing landscape, which is at risk due to climate change. This same landscape has led to an economic dependence on what some describe as “industrial tourism,” real estate, and construction. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint?
1. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint? "To speak to the above question about funding staff. In lieu of an in house department or staff member using taxpayer money, I would support a joint committee utilizing members from our current Boards and Committees to advise on TOJ policies to work toward net-zero goal for carbon emissions.
When you hear in my campaign, “Preserve the Jackson way of life” we want residents and businesses to know this phrase means to our campaign that our environment will be a priority as your mayor. Clean water, clean air, support clean energy initiatives and incentives. In my first year, I will invite actionable members from our current Boards and Committees, actionable members from non-profits such as the Riverwind Foundation, Friends of Pathways, Teton Conservation District, and actionable members from the private sector in the areas of construction, tourism, and transit to develop a long term plan with putting a price on carbon emission, our greatest threat in this valley. A vote for Michael Kudar for Mayor is a vote to move forward with a fair and transparent local policy plan over the next ten years that unites residents and visitors to lessen this threat."
2. How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action? "I believe the best way to equitably take part is through education. What makes Jackson incredible are the number of local organizations leading climate action education campaigns so individuals can understand what is at stake to help influence our daily decisions. The more we can support their education campaigns, the more local and global responsibility will follow. As your mayor, I will listen carefully on how we can together support actionable projects such as those behind Yellowstone-Teton Clean Cities, Protect Our Winters, Trust for Public Lands Wyoming, the SHIFT Festival, etc. These voices are our strongest climate action advocates and will help foster decision making processes. Let's listen. Let's volunteer. Let's donate. Let's get involved. A vote for Michael Kudar is equitably taking part in climate action."
3. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint? "Ground and air emissions are impacting our landscape. The voters for Michael Kudar for Mayor support local initiatives, will create “build back better” incentives, and will pass local policies that will help move Jackson forward as a climate smart town for generations to come."
1. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint? "Creating a plan to back up our goal of net zero by 2030 is also a key first step that I support. I will continue working on policies that help reduce our carbon footprint such as how and where we develop, supporting multimodal transportation, and investments in technology that reduce our emissions."
2. How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action? "It is important to look at how we can allow everyone to participate in climate action regardless of economic standing. I think of things like our green energy program with Conservation Works which has been a great way to convert community members to using green energy, however, to do that, it costs more money than regular electricity and that's not very equitable. So looking at programs to get more participation is crucial.
Affordable housing comes into play looking at developing more energy efficient buildings so that, not only are they better for the climate, they are also better for those living in and paying for them.
Soliciting feedback and listening to different community members is very important to make better policies and make sure all are included."
3. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint? "We have started to make strides in sustainable tourism but have more work to do and I continue to support those policies. Vehicles account for the majority of our carbon emissions and looking at ways to reduce that are crucial. Looking at how we manage where buildings and homes are being built, how we are using parking, how we are incentivizing (or not) a change of behavior are some ways we will start to make a shift. We really need to be looking at all fronts and considering something like a Climate Action in all Policies where we look through a climate change lens in each of our policies and decisions."
1. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint?" I support much of what JHCAC supports: the creation of a Climate Action Department with a paid staff to create a Climate Action Plan. This is right next to an Equity Department - and equity and climate justice go hand in hand. I recognize the finite amount of time we have to act and I've been tracking the IPCC for over a decade. I can't say definitively what I would commit to doing in the first year because I need to do more research. However, there is a number of model green cities around the world to examine and implement best practices for places like Jackson. There are so many intersecting issues, including financial even if we pass the 7th cent sales tax, moving forward at the local level that we need to tackle. I'm thankful I'll be one member of five to figure all of these things out."
2. How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action? "Community members with less money/means will have a hard time adapting to really stringent expensive measures - food and shelter always come first as expenses. As a town, we need to consider how we enable all community members to take the action we all need to take to reach our 2030 goal.
Climate justice is a subject that has often troubled me on a global scale too. We, wealthy countries create global warming through our lifestyles, and then the poorer countries pay for it, i.e. Global North v Global South, climate refugees, sinking coastlines, disappearing of islands, etc. Like many issues, COVID included, any societal for global disaster always disproportionately affect the poor."
3. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint? "Wow. That's the question. So much of what we can do here in Teton County policywise to combat climate change from a lifestyle or economic level depends largely on Wyoming law. We have a battle between public good and "capitalism." We need a paradigm shift locally with developers and those looking at profit as an end goal as well as with the state legislators. Sadly, I have very little hope we'll move too many state legislators in the direction of giving us the ability to infringe on the rights of people to build or buy property freely.
On that note though, I will go to Cheyenne and lobby the hell out of lawmakers. My hope is the financial squeeze the state is about to face could potentially open the eyes of the newly elected (farther right) legislators to the need to take dramatic action from a revenue perspective. Ideally, they'd see things with a sustainability and renewable resource lens as a means to cut spending overall. Extraction industries will no longer fund our state and hopefully, we'll be forced into a new mindset. Maybe that will bring a paradigm shift. Here's hoping.
Locally, a very specific action we need to take is to address the traffic and travel in the busy tourist season by developing better public transportation into the parks eliminating car travel as a National Park experience here as has been done in other National Parks."
1. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint?"Add a climate department and climate plan, driven by experts and then stick to it."
2. How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action? "Our way of life has been propped up by years of vast carbon emissions. Those who have benefitted the most from those emissions must the ones who take on the burden of reducing them."
3. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint? "Our carbon footprint is primarily driven by transportation, and most of that by ground transportation. We have to make SOV the least attractive choice for transportation, and build workforce housing near places of work so that alternative modes are feasible."
1. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint? "As I mentioned in during the Conservation Alliance's candidates forum, I respectfully disagree with the International Panel on Climate Change's suggestion that we have 10 years to act. We must act now. Jackson Hole is a bulwark for environmental and wildlife conservation. We have been a role model to the nation and planet for over 100 years. I am a unifier who can form teams and bring people to the center of even the most controversial of issues. This is WHERE and HOW progress is made. Unilateral efforts that lack whole community engagement typically accomplish very little. As long as climate change is an overtly partisan and political issues, versus a scientific reality, progress with be thwarted.
Action! Creating an impactful and common sense approach to fighting climate change will require principled compromise and concrete endeavors. I plan to first engage our community youth in this pursuit, for they have the most to lose, yet the smallest voice. I will work with staff to re-examine and refocus our recycling efforts. Public and non-vehicle transportation alternatives must continue to be expanded and incentivized. I will start a "Lights Off & Heat Down" initiative to bring basic awareness to easy energy saving/carbon reduction solutions.
I will engage with the local business community to once and for all, step into our role as leaders on this complex and controversial issue. I will work with the local school district to support recycling and energy/carbon savings programs. Thank You."
2. How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action? "The goal of government should be to "...make the right thing easy," versus a punitive approach. We cannot create climate change solutions that unfairly impact some of the more vulnerable members of our community. Government incentives serve as a more equitable manner in which to pursue climate change goals. For example, free access to public transportation should be explored. Incentives for walking, cycling, and/or car pooling should be instituted. I plan to add several smaller recycling stations near lower income neighborhoods to make recycling more accessible to folks who struggle with collection and transportation options. Smaller businesses also need to be able to compete with larger companies on an equal playing field. Complex problems call for complex solutions, not a "one size fits all" approach. I also think that climate change "resolutions" must be anchored with smart and measurable action plans."
3. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint? "Once again, citizens should be incentivized for helping to make the 2030 climate change and carbon reduction resolution a reality. I am not naive when it comes to the economic realities of our valley, yet believe that we can unite to make real progress on these critical issues. We all share a deep reverence for Jackson Hole, which can serve as a unifying power, if channeled correctly. Eco-tourism must begin to serve as our mantra, environmentally sensitive real estate and construction must be celebrated. Real communication, collaboration and teamwork must be fostered by a community leader with the skills to bring people together towards positive change. I am proud to be a community member and citizen with over 20 years of this exact type of unifying leadership. I adopted the "United We Stand" campaign slogan because I know that we must first forge "unity in our community" in order to positively change and evolve in the face of several highly complex and problematic issues."
1. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint? "During my first year I will revisit climate action projects from years past that have petered to find out what progress they made and what shortcomings could be avoided in the future when trying to implement policies. I will work to unite opposing factions to find bipartisan solutions; similar to work being done with my generation across the country. We are the ones that will make a change happen."
2. How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action? "We need to house more our workforce in JH. Period. Expanding roads has proven to not work in other communities. We can't build our way out of this with infrastructure. Developments need to move forward in a manner that benefits the majority of our community so that we can have a healthy, sustainable, well-balanced place to call home. This includes free makers housing, deed restricted and apartments. We must work with the private sector to accomplish these goals. I know that every candidate talks about housing, but this is my hot button topic and why I chose to run. We can no longer kick the can down the road and need leadership that will make effective decisions to start solving the problem. A couple dozen new units each year isn't going to do the trick.
The questions above - I wish I could elaborate on the agree vs. disagree. There are so many nuances to these and I look forward to discussing them more in the future.
3. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint? "Our entire landscape isn't devastated, but parts of it do need to be improved. We have to stop increasing commuting traffic by thinking outside of the box. Is this a bus lane? More START funding? More transit centers? I am open to these conversations and implementing polices that make sense. Fewer cars on the road is what we need, which leads back to housing our workforce here.
How do we restore habitat? Cache Creek runs through a tube in most of town, so let's "daylight" more of it. New subdivisions need to include conservation easements so that wildlife can pass through. The State of Wildlife Report talks about how the cottonwoods along the levees are dying because they need spring flooding to reproduce. As the old trees die, no young ones are coming up. What will the banks of the Snake River look like in 10 years? These are things we can work on immediately and see a result."
1. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint? "Optimizing our current transportation infrastructure before building new roads (Tribal Trails Connector) or widening existing ones (Hwy 22); ensuring growth (northern South Park) is managed in a responsible manner that incorporates development within the larger context of its community-wide impact; evaluating, assessing and accounting for the real costs of our carbon footprint in our transportation and building choices."
2. How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action? "Health disparities and inequities often are correlated with such factors as limited access to and low quality of available public spaces, as well as lesser degrees of representation and participation in the process of shaping and maintaining them. Planning for climate mitigation must especially address underresourced communities, where health risks are greatest and resources least available.
Just as we must invest disproportionately in under-resourced communities to insure equitable access is inclusive and equitable, we must invest disproportionately in equity and inclusion if we are to revolutionize our approach to planetary and human wellbeing."
3. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint? "While starting Alpinist Magazine in 2001 led me to believe human-powered outdoor recreation can and should create our next generation of conservation leaders, running SHIFT has led me to adopt a “Place First” approach—one that prioritizes the needs of the community and its habitat ahead of those of special interest groups.
“Place First” forms the bedrock of my perspective for Jackson Hole as well. If elected for Teton County Commission, I pledge to bring my experience as an innovator, thought leader and social entrepreneur to our workforce housing, transportation, conservation and public health challenges, including as they relate to climate change.
It’s the only way to preserve the qualities that make Jackson Hole special."
1. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint? "I'm running for re-election and climate change and water quality have been at the root of all of my decisions since I've been in office. I'm pro pathways and public transit and see that reducing VMT's (vehicle miles traveled) is the number one way for our community to combat climate change. START bus needs to be cheap, convenient, and easy so it's simpler for people to change their behavior and ride the bus. Additionally, the pathways need to be safe and accessible for all users to use for commuting or recreation. Finally, building affordable and workforce housing close to where people work is another strategy to help reduce VMT's. If I'm re-elected I will continue to advocate for START, pathways and local workforce housing to help our community substantially reduce its carbon footprint."
2. How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action? "START bus needs to be cheap, convenient, and easy so all people can get to and from work or the grocery store/ errands on a schedule that works for them. Additionally, using the best energy-efficient building techniques for affordable and workforce housing will help people living in those units pay lower bills while cutting emissions. Finally, creating climate change information in Spanish would be a way to reach out and empower the Latinx community."
3. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint? "Teton County's Land Development Regulations are already pretty restrictive. In the rural, one single-family residence per 35 acres is the standard. Reducing sprawl should be our number one priority. To allow denser development in complete neighborhoods or designated areas recommended by the comp plan, the county needs to create zoning tools that enable and incentivize landowners to build deed-restricted affordable or workforce housing. For example, if you deed restrict X number of units, you get X amount of additional square footage to develop. Or, if you create X number of deed-restricted units, you can develop free-market housing at a much lower ratio than one single-family residence per 35 acres. Maybe one residence / 1-5 acres depending on the development proposal and the location in the county, or allow clustering of free-market homes at a higher density, keeping viewsheds and high-value habitat open. The Town of Jackson has some zoning tools that could be used as a starting place, but ultimately these new standards will need to be worked out by the county's planning department and approved by the BCC. Bottom line incentivizing the private sector to build affordable and workforce housing will help us stay closer to keeping 65% of our workers local while reducing commuting/ VMT's.
Additionally, with Wyoming's newly passed lodging tax bill, I would like to raise Teton County's lodging tax to 4%. It would have to go to the voters, but I believe with the new language, these extra funds could be used to offset more of our visitor's impacts. Creating new zoning tools and asking our community to raise a tax are both big lifts, but if we are successful, our overall impacts should be offset."
1. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint? "I feel the same sense of urgency when it comes to reducing our local impact on climate change, and I believe that our public transit system holds the key for doing so. According to the recent Inventory of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Study, local ground transportation makes up roughly 60% of our overall emissions. Our strategy should focus on deploying the most efficient and frequent START service that we can. This has been my focus since joining the START Board 18 months ago. By reducing bus trip times to be more competitive with drive times and offering employer-funded passes to commuters, we hope that bus ridership will increase significantly (at least once the pandemic ends). Getting our residents (and especially employees) to ride the buses instead of drive their cars represents the most impactful way that we can reduce our local emissions. As a Commissioner, I will support the implementation of a new route plan and support increasing the frequency of our commuter routes as funds are derived from our partnerships with local businesses and organizations."
2. How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action? "The issue here is social. Most agree that the most basic need for folks in Teton County is housing. While we have done a pretty fair job of building publicly-subsidized housing for middle class residents, we have done very little to help ease the housing strains on the working class families who keep our hotels, restaurants, and other businesses running year round.
Low end housing options are rapidly disappearing from our local portfolio. I would support the construction of dense, truly affordable housing dedicated to the working class families in our valley. This development would require an appropriate site, preferably within town limits."
3. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint? "Teton County has and always will be a destination for millions of visitors each year. We need to continue our efforts to educate our visitors about our bus options, our bag ordinance, and our general mission to be good stewards of this special place. In order to provide for the critical housing needs of our working residents, I am interested in working with all local partners to get workforce housing in the ground. In order to ensure that it does not turn into more second homes, it is important that we restrict as much as possible so that it is only available to folks who work in our county. We must ensure that these restrictions are crafted carefully to avoid loopholes.
Housing 65% of our workforce locally while deploying a more effective transit system is the most realistic path forward to actually reducing our carbon footprint."
1. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint? "All of us here in Teton County appreciate the valley’s rugged beauty and ecological diversity. Many of us rely on it for our livelihoods. Few would disagree that we have a collective responsibility to protect and conserve the area’s natural resources. We can and should embrace the opportunity to further reduce our carbon footprint.
Much of that starts by addressing our housing and transportation challenges. Two-thirds of our emissions are caused by vehicle traffic—a reality that is exacerbated by nearly 50 percent of our workforce needing to commute and traffic congestion that adds significant vehicle hours on our roads.
Our local governments should be zoning more working-class neighborhoods that will provide affordable housing and rental options, which will help reduce vehicle emissions by alleviating commuter traffic.
We should implement common sense transportation solutions that will change driver behaviors and get vehicles off the road—like dedicated HOV / Bus Lanes and incentive programs for low-emission vehicles (for both commercial businesses and private residents). And we must take a comprehensive look at each piece of our transportation system—public transit, pathways, parking, infrastructure—to create greater synergy and make it easier for residents and visitors to ditch their cars.
As Commissioner, I will work to:
• Implement more robust and effective START routes and schedules, including “micro-transit” for certain neighborhoods. (The START leadership and board deserve credit for drafting a plan that begins to achieve those goals.)
• Develop incentive programs that reward low-emissions vehicles, alternative transportation (for example, ride-sharing, biking, etc.), and home efficiency upgrades.
• Create an advisory board to develop carbon-reduction strategies, with a focus on transportation.
• Work with the Jackson Hole Airport, JH Air and other stakeholders to consider carbon-offset programs for commercial and private air traffic.
• Implement tax credits for renewable energy sources, like wind and solar, and for businesses that capture or offset carbon emissions.
• Fight to zone more working-class housing and build partnerships with the private sector to get those projects completed."
2. How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action? "Teton County is becoming a harder and harder place for our working families to call home. Our climate change policies must balance costs, particularly on low-income families, with benefits and invite broad participation from every demographic within our community.
That’s why I favor incentive programs that reward efforts to mitigate our carbon footprint—and which have proven successful in changing behaviors—over policies that saddle those who are working hardest to be here with even more costs.
We must bring all corners of our community into the fold, especially low-income, Latinx and minority groups, to ensure their voices are heard, foster adoption and ensure that well-intentioned policies don’t negatively impact those who can afford it the least.
I support creating a diverse community-led climate change task force—one that intentionally seeks out participation from those who often are left out of the policymaking process—to inform climate goals, weigh economic costs and drive community-wide participation."
3. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint? "These are uncertain times for many within our community. But we have an opportunity to diversify our economy and create an environment where workers and businesses can succeed. It will require crafting policies that invite new businesses and undoing burdensome rules and bureaucracy that make it difficult to start and operate a business in Teton County.
Part of that is revisiting the LDRs and housing mitigation rates to reduce the costs of starting a business. Additionally, the County should partner with the private sector to identify opportunities to create a more business-friendly environment. A big piece of that is addressing our housing shortage, to ensure business owners and workers from a diversity of backgrounds can afford to live here.
At the same time, we should develop incentives both to invite innovative new industries and encourage businesses to mitigate their environmental impact. And we should be working with organizations within our community, like Energy Conservation Works, to develop programs and best practices that will help new businesses mitigate their carbon footprint."
1. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint? "I believe we have the opportunity to lead by example in Teton County, and that starts by getting our own house in order. Teton County adopted a Sustainability Strategy in 2017. Some progress has been made to date, but more attention – and funding – is needed. Specifically, we need to implement a framework that holistically considers GHG emission in all County operational decisions, even if that means a project or a particular item costs more. The big picture goals organizationally are to move toward net carbon neutral fleets and facilities and net zero energy use capability in County facilities. Priorities for me within the implementation include:
- Establish a system for evaluating and prioritizing facility projects based on triple bottom line and sustainability criteria.
- Develop a County-wide environmentally preferable purchasing policy that includes standardized language for vendor contractors and requirements.
- Establish sustainable building best practices.
- Implement an environmentally preferable purchasing policy as part of our formal and informal procurement practices, especially with regards to vehicle and equipment purchase.
- Develop a green building policy that specifies standards for facility design, construction, and maintenance, and includes consideration of 1) increased recycling materials in construction, procurement, and design; 2) minimum space requirements for recycling collection in facility design; and 3) lifecycle consideration of materials.
- Establish a plan for diversion of construction and demolition (C&D) waste that includes 1) minimizing construction waste with resource efficient design, 2) increasing recycling and reuse of C&D waste, including through enhanced materials surplus recovery and sale, and 3) requiring construction and demolition waste management system plans in all construction contracts.
- Evaluate installation of green roofs on County buildings.
- Monitor and improve fleet fuel use.
There are many other actions to take with the implementation plan, and it is ambitious to consider all of these simultaneously. However, given the number and scale of capital projects on the horizon, I have prioritized the items above because of the opportunity to do our best during the upcoming project development phases for buildings that will serve the community for decades into the future. Longer term, we also need to consider increasing on-site renewable energy generation capacity. In particular, I have previously supported and will continue to support reducing the carbon footprint of our affordable housing projects.
On a community level, I will continue to fund incentives for shared rides and transit such as increasing our commuter runs and expanding business partnerships to capture more employees. We must strengthen our regional partnerships to accomplish this.
In the end, the change we want to see is reducing our society’s need for consumption, which also means focusing on reducing our waste stream. I will continue to support expanding our recycling center operations, prioritizing waste diversion, and expanding food waste/composting opportunities.
Perhaps, as we all evaluate the unusual experiences of 2020 and the global pandemic we continue to fight, we can work together to reframe what we prioritize as a society and how we assign value. A lofty endeavor, but one that is necessary to make progress."
2. How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action? "We need to ensure that a greater diversity of voices are included across all policymaking in Teton County. This means reconsidering some of our usual planning practices. It means intentionally identifying who is absent from the conversation and creating a space to bring those constituencies and experiences to the table. And, ultimately, I believe it means reconnection with the Indigenous people who first lived and stewarded this land. As we commit to certain practices as a community, we may also find that costs go up. We must maintain clear communication and cross-sector partnerships to ensure we are taking care of our most vulnerable as we push for systemic change."
3. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint? "We have to be intentional about our economic development. As referenced above, this means including the voices that have historically been left out of these conversations, like undocumented community members and Indigenous people. Additionally, we need to collectively do the work to define the economy we want that is aligned with our shared community values. If we do not define it, it will be defined by the forces at play. This was discussed during the Growth Management Plan process. We cannot divorce our environmental stewardship from the people who live here and their needs. We have to approach them together. With the global pandemic spotlighting economic weaknesses and our reliance tourism proving unsustainable, now is the time."
1. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint? "The statewide picture is that Wyoming is heavily dependent on fossil fuels for our tax revenue base. Working on moving us toward a more well rounded tax structure that doesn't keep us addicted to specific industries will help move us away from continually trying to prop up fossil fuels on the state level."
2. How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action? "We need a stronger social safety net on both the state and federal level to help provide people with the opportunities to transition when change comes, so they are not just fighting for survival."
3. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint? "This is more the domain of local and county electeds. However, I want to work with them to provide them options that they may not yet have with regards to being able to do land use planning that leads to better environmental outcomes. I am open to suggestions to what those unknown options yet are."
1. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint? "I'm in the Wy. Legislature, I have been supporting wind & solar energy development in the state & will continue to do so if elected again."
2. "How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action? "Reducing dependency on fossil fuels in Wy. has already cost a lot of jobs in the coal & oil Industries. Hopefully work in renewable energy development will keep people working."
3. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint? "I will try to pass an increased fuel tax. Which we tried last session but it failed. Some of that revenue can go to supporting bike paths. That' s a minor suggestion to a larger problem I don't know the answer to but open to suggestions."
1. What policies would you implement in your first year in office to reduce our carbon footprint? "Wyoming runs on motor fuels and ranches could not run without them. So how can Wyoming seek to change that? By making available alternatives to transport with the same energy density. That will be no small feat for motor vehicle makers."
2. How do you think we can equitably take part in climate action? "Low Income families will always move toward the least expensive form of transport or home fuel. We must ensure that they have such alternatives available."
3. How will you pass policies that create an economy that regenerates our landscape and dramatically reduces our carbon footprint? "Wyoming as a State must look to the future. I still see motor fuels as the key to this and the engineering to replace them will take at least a generation. To the extent that Wyoming can forsee this and then support it should be done. It will be no easy task and our respective Constitutions must be honored as we go forward."